HOW TO CHANGE ATV TUBELESS TIRES: A STEP BY STEP GUIDE

This a guide for changing tubeless ATV tires. When it comes to tubes, the procedure is the same, but you will also require to release the tire-valve and make sure that the tube is damaged during the tire removal.

STEPS TO CHANGE ATV TIRES

Step 1: Jack the ATV up and remove the wheel

  • You will have to park your ATV on a flat, hard surface like a paved level driveway or garage floor
  • You will have to use a tire jack in jacking your ATV so that you will be able to remove the wheel from the bike. For safety, ensure that you secure the bike with a jack stand.
  • Remove the ATV wheel using a 4-way lug wrench

Jack the ATV up and remove the wheel by tire jack and lug wrench

Step 2: Deflate the tire

  • Get a valve stem core removal tool as it will save you time and they are very cheap
  • Once the air is out, place the valve stem core back so that you don’t lose it

Deflate the tire

Step 3: Break the bead in all the sides of the tire

  • Add 3 to 5 PSI of air to the tire
  • Spray the bead with some soapy water  as it will help the rubber tire to slide against the metal rim
  • The short piece of wood should be placed as close as possible to the rim.
  • The long piece should be applied more pressure until the bead is able to break free. Once one part of the bead becomes free, the rest will do so.
  • Flip the wheel and work on the other side. In between, you might be required to refill 3 to 5 PSI of air in between

Step 4: Remove the ATV tire from the rim with tire irons

You have to have a couple of big screwdrivers or two tire irons. You should also have some plastic wheel protectors or use tire irons that have protective plastic to avoid damaging your rims.

  • Place one tire iron between the rime and the tire. Lift the tire over the lip off the rim using the leverage from the iron of the tire.
  • The process should be continued using the other tire iron
  • While still holding the second iron in its place, use the first iron to continue lifting the tire over the rim edge. In case you find that you are struggling with the tire slipping back into the rim, then you can attach the clamp to the rim’s lip before you move the tire iron.
  • You will have to continue until you shift completely the tire bead to the rim’s outer side.
  • Go ahead and remove the tire from the rim completely using your hand
  • Remove the ATV tire from the rim with tire irons

    Step 5: Clean the lip of the rim on both sides

    Before you start installing the new tire,  you will have to ensure that the rim bead is clean and smooth. Remove any dirt by washing. You can use a wire brush so that you get better results. In case you spot any rust, you will have to remove it before installing the new tire. To remove the rust, you can use:

    • Wire brush
    • Screwdriver which is flathead to ensure that the rough stuff is scrapped off
    • An angle grinder that has a wire wheel

    You can decide to sandblast the entire rim and paint it.

    Step 6: Lube the new rim bead and new tire

  • On the bead retainer, use some soapy water so that the rubber will be able to slide easily on the metal rim
  • You can decide to use a light coat of baby powder on the rim’s lip and the tire bead.
  • Avoid using WD-40 as the lube might deteriorate the rubber with time
  • Step 7: Mount the tire onto the rim by use of tire irons

  • Orient the tire in the right direction
  • Lay the rim on the ground flat
  • The tire should be on top of the rim at an angle. To avoid struggling to get the tire over the rim’s lip, you should place the bead in a drop well.
  • Using your hand, push it straight down. The first bead should be able to slip over the rim’s lip without having to use any tool. But in case there is a need, use the tire iron.
  • You will have to start with the tire valve when pushing the second bead in. use your foot to step on the wire to get it in.
  • Use your body weight and hand to get it as far as  you can
  • Use the tire irons to finish it up
  • Step 8: Prepare for tire inflation

    • Re-bead the tire to the rim using air pressure
    • If you try to put air, you will not get any results. This is due to the fact that there is a gap which is between the rim and the tire which is big and thus the air compressor alone will not be able to supply enough airflow to seal it as the air just escapes.
    • Fit a strap around the tire’s circumstances and it should sit at the center of your tire
    • The tire should be placed in a standing position with the ratchet mechanism on the tire top. The rim should be centered in the tire.
    • Tighten the strap. The sidewalls of the tire will start to move outwards against the rim’s lip.
    • Stop tightening when the tire touches the lip of the rim. You should not tighten the strap more than 10 clicks.
    • The gap is now closed and the air should be able to hold in the tire.

    Step 9: Inflate the tire until it's beaded on both sides

    All that is remaining is to inflate the tire until it beads. Use a tire inflator that has a gauge.

    • Connect the tire valve to the inflator
    • Start the process of inflating but you will have to stop from time to time and ensure that you are not pumping too much air in the tire. You should never exceed 8 PSI with an attached strap.
    • When you hear a pop sound, then it means that the tire has re-beaded. It will happen on one side then the other soon after. Stop when the tire has re-beaded.
    • If at 8PSI, the tire has not re-beaded, you will have to deflate without the strap.
    • If it has re-beaded, deflate it and release the force that is on the strap. Remove the strap.
    • The valve stem has to be re-installed and then start tire inflation. Continue to put air into the tire until you get the pressure that is desired.
    • Check the side of the tire to see the right pressure of your tire.
    • Re-install the wheel on the ATV

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